Set the focus
One of the first rules of photography is that the subject should be pin-sharp. Most modern digital cameras offer a number of ways of achieving sharp photos. The easiest way to make sure your footage is in focus is to let the camera do it for you. Most lenses support the ability to autofocus while still being manually adjusted. Hold down the camera’s shutter release halfway to engage the autofocus ability. Smartphone cameras have this possibility as well. However, then you tap on the screen to tell the camera to set focus. When you have focus, you can start taking photos.
Lack of correct focus in an image is probably the number one reason why a potentially good photo can fail. To make good pictures, you have to select where you want the focus. Where in the picture you want it very clear.
Photo: Pixabay (CC0)
Focus on the eyes
In many types of photography, the question of where you should set your focus is simple. For example, in portrait photography, there is one simple rule: focus on the eyes.
Photo: Skitterphoto (CC0)
In wildlife photography, you focus on the animal. In fact, in any type of photography where there is a clear subject, you always focus on that subject. When you have a definite subject or center of interest in your photo, just focus on that.
Photo: Karl Skaar
Focus at its maximum distance
If everything in the frame is truly at infinity, then setting the focus at its maximum distance is not a horrible idea. If there is nothing close to you, then there is just no need to do anything else, you don’t need to overly complicate things. But more commonly there are aspects of the scene that are closer to you than infinity.
Many pictures are ruined because the foreground is not sharp. It happens all the time. Therefore, if you have something in your scene that is close to the camera, focus on it.